How to Become a Lawyer in Alabama: A Guide to Accredited Law Schools and Requirements

Imagine a fulfilling career as a lawyer in the Heart of Dixie. Becoming an attorney in Alabama is an exciting and rewarding journey that begins with understanding how to become a lawyer in Alabama. This comprehensive guide will walk you through the entire process, from pre-law education to passing the Alabama State Bar Exam, and provide valuable tips for building a successful legal career in Alabama.

What you’re about to learn in this guide:

  • Pursue a legal career in Alabama by obtaining an undergraduate degree, registering with the State Bar within 60 days of law school and selecting an ABA accredited institution.

  • Prepare for the LSAT exam using free/paid resources available in Alabama and select appropriate courses to gain fundamental understanding of law.

  • Build your legal career through networking opportunities, professional organizations, exploring different paths and setting realistic salary expectations while accessing financial aid options such as grants/scholarships & loans.

Embarking on a legal career in Alabama involves a series of important steps, starting with obtaining a bachelor’s degree and registering with the Alabama State Bar within sixty days of commencing law school. As a lawyer in Alabama, you will navigate the complex five-level Alabama Unified Judiciary System, which includes the Court of Criminal Appeals and the Court of Civil Appeals.

The success of your legal career greatly depends on your choice of law school. Alabama offers ABA accredited law schools that are recognized nationally for their excellent academic programs and experienced faculty. In addition, the state boasts a rich legal history, providing countless opportunities for aspiring lawyers to learn from and connect with established legal professionals.

Pre-Law Education in Alabama

After applying to law school, you must earn a bachelor’s degree from a nationally or regionally accredited institution. Though there are no specific major requirements for aspiring lawyers, selecting an appropriate undergraduate major can help you develop the skills and knowledge necessary for success in law school and beyond. A pre-law advisor is an invaluable resource who can provide useful advice. They can help you to choose courses, minors, and majors to maximize your chances of success in law school.

Choosing the Right Major

Future lawyers greatly benefit from choosing the right undergraduate major. Many students pursuing pre-law education in Alabama choose majors such as:

  • Political science

  • History

  • English

  • Business

These majors can help cultivate critical thinking, analytical abilities, and communication skills, providing a solid foundation for law school and a legal career.

Additionally, an appropriate major can offer practical experience and vocational discernment, paving the way for a successful legal journey.

Apart from selecting an appropriate major, aspiring lawyers should consider taking recommended courses that provide a fundamental understanding of the law. Examples of such courses include:

  • Legal research and writing

  • Constitutional law

  • Civil procedure

  • Contracts

  • Torts

  • Criminal law

  • Property law

These courses not only prepare you for the rigors of law school but also demonstrate your dedication to pursuing a legal career.

Investigate the courses offered by various law schools to ensure you are taking the most suitable courses for your desired field of law.

Law School Admission Process

Holding a bachelor’s degree from an accredited institution is a prerequisite for admission to law school in Alabama, take the Law School Admission Test (LSAT), and register for the Law School Admission Council’s Credential Assembly Service (CAS). The LSAT is a critical component of the law school admission process, as it assesses your critical reading, analytical reasoning, and logical reasoning capabilities.

The admission process may vary by school, but generally includes submitting an application, transcripts, LSAT scores, letters of recommendation, and a personal statement.

Preparing for the LSAT

The LSAT is a standardized test that evaluates your aptitude for legal study. It consists of:

  • Five 35-minute sections of multiple-choice questions

  • Covering reading comprehension

  • Analytical reasoning

  • Logical reasoning

Effective preparation for the LSAT involves:

  • Practicing the test under timed conditions

  • Devoting at least three months to studying for the exam

  • Utilizing available resources such as books, online courses, and practice tests

  • Taking advantage of both free and paid LSAT preparation resources

These resources are available in Alabama.

Required Documents for Application

When applying to law school, you must submit several required documents, including:

  • LSAT score

  • Undergraduate and graduate transcripts

  • Personal statement

  • Letters of recommendation

  • Resume

  • Completed application form

These documents should contain pertinent information that can help the admissions committee evaluate your qualifications, such as awards, honors, extracurricular activities, and other achievements. Be truthful and precise when completing the documents, express yourself clearly and concisely, and review them for any errors.

Selecting the Right Law School

Consider factors such as:

  • LSAT scores and GPA

  • Admission process and criteria

  • School ranking and reputation

  • Cost of tuition and financial aid options

  • Location and proximity to potential job opportunities

  • Academic offerings and concentrations available

  • Law school culture and environment

  • Post-graduate statistics and employment prospects

Consult rankings from organizations such as U.S. News & World Report, as well as reviews from current and former students, in order to research the ranking and reputation of law schools in Alabama.

Accredited Law Schools in Alabama

The University of Alabama School of Law, Thomas Goode Jones School of Law at Faulkner University, and Cumberland School of Law at Samford University are the three accredited law schools in Alabama. Each of these schools offers unique programs and opportunities for aspiring lawyers.

The University of Alabama School of Law, a renowned Birmingham school, is the only public law school in the state and is known for providing high-quality instruction at an affordable rate.

Cumberland School of Law – Samford University

Cumberland School of Law, located at Samford University, is accredited by the American Bar Association and offers a variety of programs and degrees. The school is nationally recognized for its trial advocacy program, which prepares students to excel in the courtroom.

Cumberland School of Law, also known as Miles Law School, offers a Master of Comparative Law (MCL) program, designed to provide foreign attorneys with an understanding of the United States’ core legal concepts.

Thomas Goode Jones School of Law – Faulkner University

Thomas Goode Jones School of Law at Faulkner University is another accredited law school in Alabama, offering a range of programs and opportunities for aspiring lawyers. The school provides:

  • A Joint J.D./LL.M. program

  • Generous, merit-based scholarships for candidates with LSAT scores that surpass or nearly meet the national average of 150

  • A student-faculty ratio of 7.7:1, ensuring personalized attention and support for its students.

University of Alabama School of Law

The University of Alabama School of Law, one of the distinguished American law schools:

  • is the only public law school in Alabama

  • has been providing legal education for more than 150 years

  • offers a comprehensive legal education tailored to prepare students for the practice of law

  • has a low student-faculty ratio of 8:1

The school’s competitive acceptance rate of 40% ensures that only the most dedicated and academically excellent applicants are admitted.

Practical Experience and Specializations

Building a successful legal career necessitates gaining practical experience and pursuing specializations during law school. Participating in clinical programs, externships, and certificate courses can help you develop important skills, gain hands-on experience, and explore various areas of law that may interest you in your future law practice.

Clinical Programs

Clinical programs offer law students the opportunity to:

  • Represent real clients in a variety of legal matters, including health law cases

  • Gain practical experience under the supervision of experienced attorneys

  • Develop professional relationships

  • Gain insight into different fields of law

These programs provide invaluable practical experience and help students develop important skills for their future legal careers through progressive legal education.

Examples of clinical programs in Alabama include those offered by the University of Alabama School of Law, which cover a wide range of legal topics.


Externships are another way for law students to gain practical experience in a legal setting. These opportunities allow students to work with professional attorneys, judges, and other legal professionals, helping them hone their skills and expand their network.

To find externship opportunities in Alabama, you can:

  • Consult your law school’s career services office

  • Check online job boards

  • Reach out to local law firms, government agencies, and non-profit organizations

Certificate Courses

Pursuing certificate courses in specialized areas of law can further enhance your legal education and career prospects. The University of Alabama School of Law has a range of certificate courses available. These include Public Interest Law, International & Comparative Law, and Governmental Affairs. These certificates demonstrate your dedication to a specific area of law, making you a more attractive candidate to potential employers.

Passing the Alabama State Bar Exam

Passing the Alabama State Bar Exam is a requirement to become a licensed attorney in Alabama. This requires meeting eligibility requirements, such as:

  • being 19 years of age or older

  • registering as a law student with the Alabama State Bar

  • passing the character and fitness investigation

  • attaining a J.D. degree.

The exam consists of the Multistate Essay Examination (MEE), two Multistate Performance Test (MPT) tasks, and the Multistate Bar Examination (MBE).

Eligibility Requirements

To be eligible to take the Alabama State Bar Exam, you must meet specific requirements:

  • You must be 19 years of age or older

  • You must have registered as a law student with the Alabama State Bar

  • You must have passed the character and fitness investigation

  • You must have attained a J.D. degree.

Additionally, you must achieve a passing score of 260 or higher on the exam and successfully complete the Multistate Professional Responsibility Examination (MPRE) with a score of 75 or higher.

Exam Content

The Alabama State Bar Exam includes the Multistate Essay Examination (MEE), which consists of six 30-minute essay questions covering a range of legal topics. The exam also features two 90-minute Multistate Performance Test (MPT) tasks, which require you to complete a legal task such as drafting a memorandum or a contract.

Finally, the Multistate Bar Examination (MBE) is a multiple-choice exam that tests your knowledge of general legal principles.

Preparation Tips

Dedication and effective study strategies are essential when preparing for the Alabama State Bar Exam. Utilize available resources, such as books, online courses, and practice tests, to enhance your understanding of the exam content. Practice answering essay questions and completing performance tasks under timed conditions to improve your writing abilities and time management skills.

Seek assistance and guidance from mentors, professors, or practicing attorneys who have successfully passed the Alabama Bar Exam.

After successfully passing the Alabama State Bar Exam, you can commence building your legal career in the state. This may involve:

  • Networking with other professionals

  • Joining professional organizations

  • Exploring different career paths

  • Setting realistic salary expectations

Networking Opportunities

For a successful legal career in Alabama, networking is indispensable. Here are some ways to expand your network:

  • Join professional organizations

  • Attend conferences and local events

  • Volunteer with legal aid organizations or participate in pro bono work

  • Utilize social media platforms like LinkedIn, Reddit, and Twitter to connect with other professionals in the legal field

Networking can help you connect with fellow attorneys, judges, and legal professionals, and it also provides opportunities for personal and professional growth.

Professional Organizations

Joining professional organizations can provide valuable support, resources, and networking opportunities for lawyers in Alabama. Some professional organizations for lawyers in the state include the Alabama State Bar, the Alabama Bar Association, and the Alabama Association for Justice. These organizations offer access to resources such as continuing legal education, networking events, and professional development opportunities.

Exploring Career Paths

There are various career paths available to lawyers in Alabama, including:

  • Private practice

  • Government work

  • Corporate counsel

  • Public interest law

  • The judiciary

Consider your interests, skills, and long-term goals when exploring these different fields. You may find opportunities in a smaller or larger law firm, a non-profit or for-profit corporation, or even a government agency.

Salary Expectations

The average salary for attorneys in Alabama is approximately $83,000 to $95,000 annually. Factors that can influence your earning potential include your experience, specialization, and the size and location of the firm or organization you work for.

As you begin your legal career, set realistic salary expectations and focus on gaining experience, building your network, and developing your expertise in your chosen field.

Financial Aid and Scholarships

Your legal education in Alabama can be significantly financed by financial aid and scholarships. Various forms of financial assistance are available to law students, including scholarships, grants, and loans. Research and apply for scholarships through law schools, foundations, and organizations that support legal education in Alabama to help offset the costs of tuition, books, and living expenses.


Scholarships for law students in Alabama are available through various sources, including:

  • The Cabaniss Johnston Scholarship

  • The Justice Janie L. Shores Scholarship

  • The Call Me Alabama Scholarship

  • The Alabama Trial Lawyers Association Scholarship

These scholarships may be based on merit, financial need, or specific criteria established by donors and scholarship committees. Research and apply for these scholarships to help finance your legal education in Alabama.


Grants for law students in Alabama are provided by organizations such as the Alabama Law Foundation, which offers General Legal Aid Grants, Foreclosure Prevention Grants, and Access to Justice Grants for law-related charitable projects in Alabama. These grants can help finance your legal education and support public interest law initiatives in the state.


Loan options for financing a legal education in Alabama may include personal loans, federal and private student loans, and loan forgiveness programs for those pursuing public interest law or working in underserved areas. Consult with financial institutions or lenders to discuss loan options that best meet your needs and ensure you understand the repayment terms and conditions before accepting any loan offers.


In conclusion, pursuing a legal career in Alabama is an exciting and rewarding journey that requires dedication, hard work, and the right guidance. With the information provided in this comprehensive guide, you are now equipped with the knowledge and resources to navigate the path to becoming a successful attorney in Alabama. So, take the first step, choose the right law school, and embark on your legal adventure in the Heart of Dixie.

Frequently Asked Questions

How long does it take to get a law degree in Alabama?

It takes a minimum of three academic years, or 30 weeks per year, to earn a law degree in Alabama.

Can you take the bar without going to law school in Alabama?

It is not necessary to have a law degree from an accredited school in order to become an attorney in Alabama, however attending an unaccredited law school may prevent you from qualifying to sit for the bar in other states. You must also take the LSAT, pass the Alabama Bar Exam and be deemed of good character and fitness.

How do you get into law school in Alabama?

To get into law school in Alabama, you must pass the Law School Admission Test (LSAT), which is offered four times annually around the world. Most applicants also pursue an ABA-approved law school.

How hard is law school?

Law school is hard, requiring a large workload, commitment, and dedication. It is harder than regular college or universities in terms of stress and difficulty.

What is the number 1 law school in Alabama?

University of Alabama School of Law is the number 1 law school in Alabama.

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