How to Become a Lawyer in Vermont: Education Requirements, Bar Exam Information & Admission Guidelines

Have you ever considered pursuing a rewarding career as a lawyer in the picturesque state of Vermont? With its rich history, vibrant legal community, and unique opportunities, Vermont offers a fulfilling path for aspiring attorneys. In this comprehensive guide, you’ll discover how to become a lawyer in Vermont, including education requirements, bar exam information, and admission guidelines.

What you’re about to learn in this guide:

  • The path to becoming a lawyer in Vermont involves completing an undergraduate education, attending an approved law school or the Law Office Study Program, and passing the Bar Exam.

  • The job market for lawyers in Vermont is competitive but with dedication and networking it is possible to secure rewarding employment with an average salary of $78,480 per annum.

  • Attorneys are eligible for reciprocity within five years of experience as well as transferring Uniform Bar Exam scores within three years from other states for admission into the Vermont Bar.

Path to Becoming a Lawyer in Vermont

The journey to a legal career in Vermont begins with a robust education. Although there are no specific undergraduate course requirements, the American Bar Association recommends a stimulating and engaging course of study. After obtaining a bachelor’s degree, aspiring lawyers must navigate the law school admission process and attend an approved law school in Vermont or consider the Law Office Study Program as an alternative pathway.

After finishing your legal studies, passing the Vermont Bar Exam becomes the next milestone. Administered by the Vermont Board of Bar Examiners, this crucial test assesses your knowledge and competence in various areas of law. Once you conquer the bar exam, you’re ready to begin practicing law in Vermont, joining a revered community of attorneys in the Green Mountain State.

Undergraduate Pre-Law Major

You need to have completed at least three-quarters of a bachelor’s degree before you apply to a law school in Vermont. While most undergraduate majors are accepted for law school admission, a pre-law major can provide invaluable preparation for the rigors of law school and a deeper understanding of the legal system.

You can consult your college’s pre-law advisor or check out online resources like the American Bar Association’s website to research undergraduate pre-law majors.

Law School Admission Process

The Law School Admission Test (LSAT) plays a pivotal role in the law school admission process. This standardized test, administered by the Law School Admission Council (LSAC), evaluates your aptitude for legal study and is mandatory for admission to ABA-accredited law schools in Vermont.

The admission process typically involves:

  • Registering and preparing for the LSAT

  • Requesting official transcripts and letters of recommendation

  • Submitting an application through the LSAC online account

Once you’ve successfully completed the LSAT and gained admission to an ABA-approved law school, you’re well on your way to becoming a lawyer in Vermont.

Approved Law Schools in Vermont

For aspiring Vermont lawyers, it’s necessary to attend an ABA-approved law school because a degree from one of these institutions is a prerequisite for taking the Vermont Bar Exam. The Vermont Law School is the state’s only ABA-approved law school, offering a high-quality legal education to those seeking to practice law in Vermont.

However, if you prefer to explore opportunities outside of Vermont, you can apply to any ABA-approved law school nationwide. Upon graduation, you may still be eligible to take the Vermont Bar Exam and become a licensed attorney in the state.

Vermont Bar Exam Details

Taking the Vermont Bar Exam constitutes an important phase in the journey to become a licensed attorney in Vermont. This comprehensive examination evaluates your knowledge and skills in various areas of law, ensuring you’re prepared to uphold the high standards of the legal profession in Vermont.

To successfully pass the Vermont Bar Exam, you’ll need to be well-versed in the exam’s format, subjects tested, and grading process. Understanding the specifics of the Vermont Bar Exam will help you to anticipate what this crucial assessment involves.

Exam Dates & Registration

The Vermont Bar Exam takes place twice a year, on the last Wednesday of February and July. To apply for the exam, you must first complete the NCBE Standard Character and Fitness Electronic Application and the Vermont-specific Bar Exam Application through the bar examiners office. For more Vermont Bar Exam information, visit the official website.

The exam is held at the Hilton located at 60 Battery Street, Burlington, VT 05401. Once you have fulfilled all the requirements for taking the Vermont Bar Exam, including passing the Multistate Professional Responsibility Exam (MPRE), you can focus on preparing for the challenging but rewarding experience ahead.

Subjects Tested on the Vermont Bar Exam

The Vermont Bar Exam is a two-day test, with the first day being the Multistate Performance Test (MPT) and the Multistate Essay Exam (MEE), and on the second day, the Multistate Bar Exam (MBE), a 200-question multiple-choice test.

Candidates are evaluated on a variety of subjects, including:

  • Civil procedure

  • Constitutional law

  • Contracts

  • Criminal law

  • Evidence

  • Property

  • Torts

To perform well on the Vermont Bar Exam, you need to thoroughly understand these subjects and grasp the legal principles they encompass.

Grading & Passing Score

In order to pass the Vermont Bar Exam, you must meet the following requirements:

  • Achieve a minimum score of 270 out of 400 points

  • Successfully complete the MPT (weighted at 20%)

  • Successfully complete the MEE (weighted at 30%)

  • Successfully complete the MBE (weighted at 50%)

Without meeting these requirements, you will not be eligible for certification.

Knowing the grading process and passing score requirements will help you gauge your performance and develop an effective study plan. Armed with dedication, hard work, and a solid grasp of the exam’s requirements, you can approach the Vermont Bar Exam with confidence, moving closer to becoming a licensed attorney in Vermont.

Multistate Professional Responsibility Exam (MPRE)

The Multistate Professional Responsibility Exam (MPRE) is another essential component of the Vermont Bar Exam process. This examination evaluates your knowledge and understanding of the ethical standards and responsibilities of legal professionals.

To be eligible for the Vermont Bar Exam, you need to score at least 80 on the MPRE in Vermont. As with the other components of the bar exam, thorough preparation and a clear understanding of the MPRE’s expectations will help ensure your success on this critical assessment.

Admission to the Vermont Bar

Once you’ve passed the Vermont Bar Exam and fulfilled all other requirements, you can apply for admission to the Vermont Bar. This process includes:

  • Submitting a character and fitness application

  • Demonstrating active engagement in the practice of law in another U.S. jurisdiction (if applicable)

  • Paying the required application fee.

Upon your admission as an attorney in Vermont, a range of resources and support becomes accessible to you, including mentorship programs and opportunities for continuing legal education. We’ll discuss these benefits along with the job prospects available for lawyers in Vermont.

The Vermont Mentor Advice Program, offered by the Vermont Bar Association, pairs new attorneys with experienced lawyers practicing in Vermont. This voluntary program provides invaluable guidance and support as you transition into your legal career, offering counsel and assistance in areas such as legal research, writing, and practice management.

To sustain your law license in Vermont, you must complete 20 hours of Continuing Legal Education (CLE) within a two-year period, including two hours of ethics and two hours of professionalism. Up to 10 hours of this requirement may be earned through self-study, ensuring that you stay up-to-date with the latest legal developments and maintain your professional competence.

Employment Opportunities

Lawyers in Vermont enjoy a diverse range of employment opportunities, including positions at private law firms, government agencies, and corporations. Additionally, you may choose to establish your own practice or serve as a consultant, depending on your interests and career goals.

Although the job market for lawyers in Vermont is competitive, the right opportunity that matches your skills and aspirations can be found with persistence and determination. Some strategies to consider include:

  • Networking through the Vermont Bar Association and other professional organizations

  • Utilizing online job platforms

  • Attending legal career fairs and events in Vermont

By utilizing these strategies, you can uncover promising job prospects and launch a successful legal career in Vermont, including opportunities within the Vermont Supreme Court.

Vermont Reciprocity & Transferring Scores

Vermont offers reciprocity to attorneys who have practiced law for five of the last ten years, allowing them to practice in Vermont without retaking the bar exam. Vermont, Maine and New Hampshire have come together to form a reciprocity agreement. This agreement allows attorneys to practice in any of the three states..

If you have achieved a scaled score of 270 or higher on a Uniform Bar Exam taken in another jurisdiction within the past three years, you may submit an application for admission to the Vermont Bar based on that score. This option provides flexibility for attorneys seeking to practice in Vermont while leveraging their previous exam success.

Job Market and Salary Expectations

The job market for lawyers in Vermont is competitive, with numerous candidates vying for coveted positions. However, with dedication and networking, it is possible to secure rewarding employment in the legal field. The average salary for lawyers in Vermont is approximately $78,480 per annum, with experienced attorneys earning even higher salaries.

Many graduates from Vermont Law School have successfully found positions that require a JD or equivalent within three months of graduation. Utilizing resources including the Vermont Bar Association website, job platforms such as ZipRecruiter and Indeed, and Vermont Law School’s employment statistics page can help you find promising job opportunities and foster a successful legal career in Vermont.

Additional Resources & Support

A plethora of additional resources and support is available to assist aspiring lawyers in Vermont in their legal careers. These resources include:

  • The Community Legal Information Center

  • The Vermont Volunteer Lawyer Project

  • The Vermont Lawyers’ Assistance Program

  • The Vermont Legal Resources for Civil Matters

These organizations provide:

  • Legal reference services, including family law

  • Pro bono opportunities

  • Assistance with mental health and addiction issues

  • Access to legal help for civil matters

By taking advantage of these valuable resources, you can enhance your legal skills, expand your professional network, and contribute to the greater good of the Vermont legal community.


In conclusion, pursuing a legal career in Vermont is an exciting and rewarding journey. From obtaining a solid educational foundation to passing the Vermont Bar Exam and accessing valuable resources and support, you’ll be well-prepared for success in the legal profession. As you embark on this path, remember that hard work, determination, and a commitment to lifelong learning will serve you well as you contribute to the vibrant and esteemed legal community in Vermont.

Frequently Asked Questions

Do you need to go to law school to take the bar in Vermont?

You do not need to go to law school to take the bar in Vermont, as it is possible to study the subject through a law office study program. However, you must have a bachelor’s degree and study law for 25 hours a week for four years.

Is Vermont Law School hard to get into?

Vermont Law School has a high acceptance rate and relatively low score requirements, so it is not considered difficult to get in.

Is Vermont bar exam hard?

Vermont’s bar exam pass rate of 54% is amongst the lowest, indicating that it is indeed a challenging exam. Other states with difficult bar exams include Oregon and West Virginia, both of which have pass rates of 79% and 58%, respectively.

What undergraduate degree is required to apply for a Vermont law school?

To apply for a Vermont law school, you must possess at least 75% of a bachelor’s degree.

What is the minimum passing score for the Vermont Bar Exam?

The minimum passing score for the Vermont Bar Exam is 270 out of 400 points.

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